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Reports


Mini-grids: Electricity for All

Introduction

Today, in India, we face both an environment as well as a development crisis. On the one hand we are still struggling with the problems of inequality, poverty and improving the human development indicators. On the other hand, environmental pollution and ecological destruction is now a runaway problem. Both these crises are also interacting with and reinforcing each other. This is best reflected in our energy sector. 

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UNLOCKING FORESTS

DOES CAF BILL 2015 OFFER ENOUGH?

Preface

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has been entrusted with preserving and improving the forest wealth of the country in the interest of its citizens and national ecological security. The rising demand for forestland for non-forestry purposes, such as mining, hydropower and infrastructure development, has caused MoEF&CC to divert millions of hectares of rich forests. In order to reduce forest cover losses, the Supreme Court of India directed the Central government in 2002 to constitute the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning

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The Puzzle of Forest Productivity

Are Forest Development Corporations Solving It Right?

This report is an outcome of another report. In 2015, the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) issued guidelines for the participation of the private sector in afforestation of degraded forests. The guidelines argued that poor productivity of forests has led to a shortage of raw materials to industry. Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) argued against the 2015 guidelines on the ground that the proposal would destroy the flourishing farm-forestry and agroforestry sectors in the country, which are more than capable of meeting the raw material demands of the industries. In its report titled Fumbling with Forests: Why We Should Not Handover Forests to the Private Sector, CSE also flagged concerns that the proposal would convert vast stretches of forestlands into large monoculture plantations that would only be of use to wood-based industries, not the forest-dependent communities or the ecology.

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NOT HANDLED WITH CARE

A survey of biomedical waste management practices in Jharkhand

The healthcare sector is known to be a wellness centre and must unwittingly act as a source of further risk exposure to the healthcare staffs, patients and their families as well as the neighbourhood. Biomedical waste, the waste generated from the healthcare sector, is the biggest concern for all healthcare facilities, owing to the increasing incidents of a large number of hospital acquired infection (HAI) taking place across India.

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A Clean Air Tool for Cities

Why this study?
Air pollution is a scary public health story unfolding in India. A vast majority of cities are caught in toxic web as air quality fails to meet the health-based standards. Not only the mega cities, but also the smaller cities are emerging as pollution hotspots.

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DIESEL: On the Toxic Trail of Devil's Engine

That diesel emissions are harmful and toxic is an old story. But even after 20 year of global action to clean diesel up, it is still throwing up new and more difficult challenges; and that is an unfolding story. US, Europe and Japan have made emissions targets stringent, but diesel vehicles are struggling to lower emissions. 

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Urban Air Quality Management in Ethiopia: A Guidance Farmework

Objectives and scope of the guidance
Air pollution is one of the leading risk factors in the developing regions of Africa. Africa is one of the fastest-urbanizing regions and more than half of its population is expected to live in polluted urban areas by 2040.

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Towards Clean Air in Nigerian Cities

This is a rapid review of the current concerns around urban air pollution and public health challenges in Nigerian cities. It aims to identify the key policy gaps that need to be addressed while framing the policy guidance on national urban air quality management in Nigeria.

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Reinventing air quality monitoring

 With national ambient air quality standards in place, it is important to set up the air quality monitoring grid to generate air quality data on a routine basis. This will help assess risks and implement control measures. While advanced countries including the US, Japan and European nations have evolved advanced monitoring systems, most developing countries of Asia and Africa are still languishing with very basic monitoring or no monitoring at all.

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Heavy duty/ truck report

 Trucks are a major contributor to air pollution and fuel guzzling with serious public health and climate change consequences. Rapid growth in the economy and trade is continuously expanding roadbased freight traffic, bringing more and more trucks on roads.

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