Story | Centre for Science and Environment


Traditional Water Harvesting Systems


Water has been harvested in India since antiquity, with our ancestors perfecting the art of water management. Many water harvesting structures and water conveyance systems specific to the eco-regions and culture has been developed.

RWH Technologies


  • Zing
  • Kul
  • Naula
  • Kuhl
  • Khatri
  • Apatani
  • Zabo
  • Cheo-oziihi
  • Bamboo-drip irrigation
  • Dongs
  • Dungs
  • Ahar-pyne
  • Bengal's Inundation channels
  • Dighis
  • Baolis
  • Kunds
  • Kuis
  • Baoris
  • Jhalaras
  • Nadi
  • Tobas
  • Tankas
  • Khadins
  • Vav
  • Virdas
  • Talab
  • Saza kuva
  • Johads
  • Bandh
  • Pat
  • Rapat
  • Chandela Tank
  • Bundela Tank
  • Katas
  • Cheruvu
  • Kohli tanks
  • Bhandaras
  • Phad
  • Kere
  • The Ramtek Model
  • Surangam
  • Korambu
  • Eri
  • Ooranis
  • Jackells


  • Artificial Glaciers
  • Nadis
  • Polymer Kundis
  • Chaukas
  • Jaldhar Model
  • Tudum Monga
  • Netorking of Farm Ponds
  • Horizontal Roughening Filter

Lake protectors

C R Shanmugam


Urban water harvesting in India is still in its youth. There are a number of people who worked, against all odds, to make this concept popular. They, the Harvesters, can be found in most urban centres in India

Experience is the best teacher…

There are no limits to technological innovations in rainwater harvesting. Innovators are those who have learned from their experiences and contributed to the betterment of rainwater harvesting technology in India.


Fashioning change

Water improves agriculture. Agriculture improves animal husbandry. People begin to take care of their watershed, which means more trees and forests. With watershed development, prosperity beckons.

Going beyond water is a philosophy and a practice. Some have gone beyond water to alleviating, actually eradicating, rural poverty. They have dared to traverse the path from ecological regeneration to economic miracle, from water to wealth.

Those with this water vision overwhelmingly belong to civil society.

Database on threatened lakes

Traditionally, water was seen as a responsibility of citizens and the community collectively took the responsibility of not only building but also of maintaining the water bodies. Since independence, the government has taken control over the water bodies and water supply.


Desperate for rains

Mumbai municipality to induce rains; activists call it a sham

torrential rains pounded Mumbai in the last week of June, but failed to help the city tide over the severe water shortage. The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai is now making frantic efforts to ease the crisis. On July 15, its standing committee decided to induce artificial rains through cloud seeding.

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