Water Management | Centre for Science and Environment

Water Management


Wetland Conservation

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Wetland Conservation

Wetlands are vital sponges in the city. They prevent flood and recharge groundwater. Along with being an aesthetic entity, they provide social, economic and environmental beneficiaries. They improve the quality of water and also sustain the surrounding diverse flora and fauna (aquatic and wild life habitat). Being rich in nutrients, they provide a diverse and productive ecosystems for the natural environment to survive.

Wetlands have always been critical for Indian cities. Every city gave its land for rain.

Policies

Already about 10 states have formulated and adopted their own water policies, and the rest are in the process of doing so. The state water policies are comprehensive and treat water as a finite resource. The need to manage water resources in a scientific manner has been recognised in the policies and hence a lot of emphasis has been given to sustainable exploitation of water and groundwater resources.

Legislations

 

There are a number of legislations on the  national level with the objective of conserving natural resources like water as well for addressing the problem of pollution. However, water  being a state subject, the importance of state legislations on the same theme is that much more. Various states have either already formulated or are in the process of drafting legislations tackling natural resources like land and water.

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