Centre for Science and Environment


Article 2: Activities that Annex 1 countries should take to meet their commitments

2.1 This sub-paragraph lists a number of activities that Annex 1 nations can undertake to achieve their "quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments" (QUELROS). These activities are:

  • enhancement of energy efficiency;

  • protection and enhancement of sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol and promotion of sustainable forest management, afforestation and reforestation;

  • promotion of sustainable agriculture;

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The Kyoto Protocol

What does it really say?

CSE Briefing Paper 1

To understand the Kyoto Protocol (KP), adopted in Kyoto on December 11, 1997, it is important to read it together with the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC). The following paragraphs explain what the Kyoto Protocol says and, where necessary, the relevant articles of the FCCC have been quoted. And, wherever possible, the implications of the various clauses of the Kyoto Protocol have been drawn out, especially from the point of view of developing countries.

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Press Release: Bring the US back to the climate conclave

CSE media briefing insists on finding ways to re-engage the US in climate change negotiations and setting up a democratic framework with right incentives and disincentives for rich and poor alike

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Press Release: Children's Camaraderie for Climate Change

Children join hands with CSE to talk of climate change, carbon emissions and global environment governance

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Background

Since the Industrial Revolution, as the world became excessively dependant on fossil fuels for energy, emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) have increased dramatically. The concentration of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, for instance, has gone up by 31 per cent since 1750. These gases trap heat, thus leading to ‘global warming’. In the 20th century, the earth’s temperature increased by about 0.6oC due to increasing concentration of GHGs in the atmosphere. It is expected to increase by another 1.4-5.8oC by the end of the 21st century.

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EU peeved as CoP-8 draft does not mention Kyoto Protocol

NEW DELHI, October 29: The European Union (EU) came out strongly against the first draft of the Delhi Declaration at the UNFCCC climate convention in New Delhi on Monday, October 28, as it does not mention the Kyoto Protocol on reducing global warming. The accord aims at cutting greenhouse gas emissions in developed countries to 5.2 per cent below 1990 levels by 2012. The United States, the biggest air polluter in the world, has already refused to ratify it, arguing that it would hurt the country’s economy.

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Do not burden poorer nations, says Vajpayee

October 30, New Delhi: Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, at the opening of the mninisterial section of Cop 8, said on Wednesday, October 30, that developing countries should not be set the same greenhouse gas emission targets as developed countries.

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