Centre for Science and Environment


Article 11: Implementation of the Protocol including provisions for advancing the implementation of existing commitments of developing countries

In order to implement this Article, all nations must take into account Article 4, paragraphs 4, 5, 7, 8 & 9 of the FCCC. Article 4.4 says that all developed countries should assist developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change in meeting costs of adaptation to those adverse effects.

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Article 7: National Communications and the information to be contained in it

Article 12 of the FCCC states all parties should provide a national communications to the FCCC secretariat.

Article 7 of the KP says that Annex 1 parties must add the following information in their national communications:

  • The necessary supplementary information needed for ensuring compliance with the emissions reduction objectives set out in Article 3. This information will be incorporated in the annual inventory of anthropogenic emissions. This information will be provided annually beginning with the first year after the KP has entered into force.

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Briefing Kyoto3

Article 4: Provisions which allow industrialised countries to form a bubble

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Briefing Kyoto

3.5 & 3.6: Flexibilities for countries with economies in transition

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Article 2: Activities that Annex 1 countries should take to meet their commitments

2.1 This sub-paragraph lists a number of activities that Annex 1 nations can undertake to achieve their "quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments" (QUELROS). These activities are:

  • enhancement of energy efficiency;

  • protection and enhancement of sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol and promotion of sustainable forest management, afforestation and reforestation;

  • promotion of sustainable agriculture;

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The Kyoto Protocol

What does it really say?

CSE Briefing Paper 1

To understand the Kyoto Protocol (KP), adopted in Kyoto on December 11, 1997, it is important to read it together with the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC). The following paragraphs explain what the Kyoto Protocol says and, where necessary, the relevant articles of the FCCC have been quoted. And, wherever possible, the implications of the various clauses of the Kyoto Protocol have been drawn out, especially from the point of view of developing countries.

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Press Release: Bring the US back to the climate conclave

CSE media briefing insists on finding ways to re-engage the US in climate change negotiations and setting up a democratic framework with right incentives and disincentives for rich and poor alike

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Press Release: Children's Camaraderie for Climate Change

Children join hands with CSE to talk of climate change, carbon emissions and global environment governance

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