COP21 | Centre for Science and Environment


COP21

Centre for Science and Environment at COP 21 in Paris

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) registered a strong presence in the COP in terms of its side events, press briefings and presentations. CSE dealt with issues related to renewable energy, energy access, India’s dependence on coal, equity and carbon budget in a pan of 6 days.

Chandra Bhushan, deputy director general of CSE, presented the idea of “Global Renewable Energy and Energy Access Transformation” or GREEAT at the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy side event on energy access. He spoke about the importance of affordability in the future energy system. “Future of energy is decentralized distributed and renewable,” he said at the event. CSE along with Friends of the Earth International and What Next Forum, jointly endorsed the GREEAT programme and released its updated version at a press briefing.

Questioning its dependence on coal, India was being deemed the villain in climate negotiations. CSE, in its press briefing, explained how hypocrite the developed nations were being in its claim. “India is cornered in climate negotiations for using coal as a major fuel in its energy mix despite the fact that the rich developed countries were also doing the same and would continue to do so in the future. It is the best negative argument available against India,” said Bhushan in his presentation titled - Coal, Climate Change and India.

Bhushan emphasized the efforts India was making to reduce its carbon emissions from coal which included strictest strict environmental standards for coal based power, carbon tax and ambitious renewable energy targets. However, the twin challenges of switching to low carbon growth and providing energy access to all was highlighted.

CSE organized a side event in the COP21 at the India Pavilion along with the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change titled ‘Equity and Climate Justice: Operationalising Equity and the Global Carbon Budget.’ The presenter from CSE, Arjuna Srinidhi presented the CSE’s analysis of linking human development index with the carbon space left for the developing world. T. Jayaraman, from Tata Institute of Social Sciences and Josep Xercavins, Professor, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya presented their interpretation of the carbon budget as well. Interestingly, all the three models presented showed a point of convergence in establishing the fact that there needs to be fair distribution of remaining carbon budget and the developing countries including India should be given space for development. The underlying conclusion of the event pushed for the need for an operational mechanism of allocation of carbon budget to be established under the Paris Agreement.

 
NEWS
 
The agreement has come after an intense two weeks of negotiations and represents a lot of compromises made, particularly by developing countries
 
The phrase ‘historical responsibility’ has been erased from the Agreement. This weakens the obligations of developed countries, says Centre for Science and Environment
 
More than 190 nations agree to a historic yet compromised climate deal
 
More than 190 nations agree to a historic yet compromised climate deal
 
Suspense in Paris comes to an end after countries officially adopt new agreement to fight climate change
 
Environment minister Prakash Javadekar said all the points raised by the Indian delegation had been included in the text
 
Negotiations on loss and damage signal a weak deal
 
While a recent OECD report suggested that climate finance had risen to US $110 billion, India found that the only credible finance was for US $2.2 billion
 
How should we react to the likely outcome of the Paris climate conference?
 
The Delhi-based non-profit said that rich nations had been misappropriating the carbon space, leaving no chance for developing countries to grow
 
The coalition has been formed to push for an ‘ambitious and strong Paris Agreement’
 
A day before the final negotiations, no commitment has been reached on the adaptation front
 
The observatories will conduct research on the impact of climate change on bird populations, freshwater lakes in the Himalayan region, movement of animals and marine ecology
 
An issue of delayed climate justice
 
Climate change is about two things: mitigating the global warming effect and adapting to the changed climate
 
The latest draft text agreement released on Thursday night shows that progress has been made in the negotiations on finance
 
Thinking of moving? Many Pacific islanders are
 
 
 
Irreversible damage caused to water resources due to shale gas exploration is being ignored, particularly in the United States
 
With so much drama and negotiations running in parallel sessions, one would have hoped for a serious outcome
 
In Samuel Beckett’s play, Godot never arrived till the end, leaving two characters anticipating his arrival. Will the Godot of climate change ever come?
 
 
 
As I write this, it is two days to the endgame at the Paris climate conference. Despite problems, everybody is clear that there will be an agreement. Let me explain why
 
Chandra Bhushan Deputy Director General of Centre for Science and Environment, says that the negotiating draft produced on December 9, 2014 will produce a weak agreement.
 
Chandra Bhushan explains why by no stretch of imagination can any one call the past, present and future climate actions of the US and the EU (members of this coalition) as 'high ambition'
 
Countries agree on taking stock on climate mitigation and finance targets every five years but are more hesitant on doing so for climate adaptation
 
Differentiation, loss and damage and finance emerge as critical issues
 
The dominant theme of Australia’s drought history is variability. The country may get one year of extremely wet conditions or six years of extremely dry conditions
 
Not surprisingly, many of the sponsors here at the Paris talks are French companies who have hoped to acquire reputational capital from the summit
 
Experts cite examples of many countries which have begun diverting fossil fuel subsidies towards development projects
 
Global warming will exceed two degrees Celsius unless actions are taken on a war like footing, feel researchers
 
Little convergence among parties could be seen under the informal consultation groups constituted by COP president
 
 
 
Says the costs of adaptation could be in the range of US$280-$500 billion
 
Climate change, emisisons, paris climate deal
 
It important to deconstruct the politics of differentiation
 
Chandra Bhushan talks about the first week of negotiations at the Paris Climate Change Conference COP21
 
India rebutts US and EUs attempts to make developing countries pay for climate finance
 
At a high-level meet in Paris, the countries pushed for equal treatment of mitigation and adaptation in the final deal
 
CSE Deputy Director General states that coal is used as a major fuel globally and not just in India
 
The renewable-energy enthusiast’s message was a ray of hope for civil society and non-government organisations at the Paris climate meet
 
Experts say that displacement and migration occurs because of the failure of adaptation in most vulnerable countries and, therefore, should be part of loss and damage
 
 
 
Insurance is currently being used as a mechanism to provide financial safety net as part of climate-induced disaster relief
 
They insist that loss and damage is a non-negotiable element of the Paris agreement
 
The report says that climate change threatens the economic growth trajectories of India, Bangladesh and Indonesia
 
Developed countries only want CO2 reduction comitments, but backtrack on finance
 
Developed and developing countries agree to disagree as climate negotiations hit a stalemate in Paris
 
Parties urged to speed up talks in informal groups
 
Hydro projects emit methane, make water and energy systems vulnerable to climate change, cause severe damage to ecosystems and affect locals
 
 
Flaring up issues of transparency and reporting of climate actions could be a tactic by developed nations to divert attention from more crucial agendas
 
A look at who left their shoes behind at Place de la Republique during the climate march ban in Paris
 
AREI aims to achieve 10 GW of new renewable installation by 2020, and expand the generation capacity to 300 GW by 2030
 
A crucial issue is whether private money should be included in the target to reach US $100 billion for mitigating climate change impacts
 
As India’s growth ambitions are different and more critical than that of China, the coalition may not be a good idea
 
Matt McDonald, associate professor of international relations at University of Queensland, explains the position of developing nations and small island states at COP 21
 
The country will experience 1-1.5°C increase in mean annual air temperature in the near term from 2016 to 2045 with ‘profound’ implications for agriculture and crop production
 
Going by the happenings on the first day, the gathering at Paris seems to be all about homilies
 
Acknowledging that clean energy is a vital part of the long-term response to climate change, some countries came together to enhance the pace of innovation
 
Tibetans hold climate march in Delhi to raise awareness about unchecked mining and dams in Tibet which are resulting in ecological devastation of the Tibetan plateau
 
Chandra Bhushan, Deputy Director General of Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi analyses Narendra Modi's speech at the COP 21 Paris
 
 
Countries agree on imposing carbon tax and adopting a market mechanism for trading carbon as part of their plan to reduce emissions
 
Indications are that India will be made the "fall guy". Developed countries will try at every step to propose changes in the 1992 convention, just to attract opposition from India
 
José Graziano Da Silva calls for a safer, fairer and more inclusive world
 
A new bloc of 'vulnerable' countries has emerged at the Paris climate talks—perhaps heralding the end of the old rich-poor geopolitical divide
 
'The climate change agreement must send a clear enough signal to investors to encourage the scaling up of solar and other renewable forms of energy'
 
Developed countries must take the lead and developing countries must be supported in adapting
 
Paris must agree to operationalise equity by accepting that the level of effort of each country’s INDC will be equal to its share of the global carbon budget
 
Parties succeed in laying a path for the functioning of contact group on the feasibility and ways of managing HFCs in Montreal Protocol.
 
Member countries urged to work swiftly towards an ambitious deal
 
In an informal paper, the country prioritises the need to provide finance for countries 'that require it the most'
 
Delhi-based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment analyses the total, per capita and sectorwise greenhouse gas emissions of different countries based on latest available data
 
A Centre for Science and Environment analysis shows that the number of natural disasters reported in developing countries has increased
 
From funding to technology assistance for phase out of ozone depleting substances, a lot is being debated
 
Parties start discussion on core challenges in a more focused way
 
On the second day of the meeting, developing countries raise concerns over the phasing out of HFCs; developed countries show little concern
 

Meeting of Parties on Montreal Protocol begins in Dubai

Administrative and discussion on agenda items dominate the first day of MOP
 

CSE projections show world is on a temperature path of more than 3 degrees

With the US and EU misappropriating more than their fair share of carbon budgets, Asia and Africa will have very little space for growth after 2030, says Delhi-based non-profit
 

Bonn meet ends with a more balanced draft text for Paris climate deal

Experts believe there are a number of fundamental issues that still need to be resolved
 

Drafting the Paris agreement: Lack of progress in spin-off groups a cause for concern

Parties urged to engage bilaterally and speed up negotiations on the draft agreement
 

Climate plans of developing countries far more ambitious’

The ongoing Bonn climate negotiations must be open to observers like non-profits and civil society, urges a diplomat
 

Bonn climate talks off to an explosive start

As opposed to negotiating with developed countries, day 1 seemed to be all about developing countries versus the co-chairs
 

Keep us in the room, urge observers at Bonn climate summit

ADP co-chairs barred observers from attending negotiations in spin-off groups after Japan said real negotiations cannot happen in front of the public
 

Targeted groups at Bonn climate meet show little progress

Parties have agreed to organise offline discussions beyond the scheduled time
 

Parties at Bonn find ways to make draft text ‘balanced’

The text that was released on October 5 was supposed to be more clear, structured and concise
 
 

 

CoP21
Paris
CoP20
Lima, Peru
CoP19
Warsaw
CoP18
Doha, Qatar
CoP9
Milan, Italy
CoP17
Durban, South Africa
CoP8
New Delhi, India
CoP16
Cancun, Mexico
CoP7
Marrakech, Morocco
CoP15
Copenhagen, Denmark
CoP6
The Hague, Netherlands
CoP14
Bonn/Poznan
CoP5
CoP5 Bonn, Germany
CoP13
Bali, Indonesia
CoP4
Buenos Aires, Argentina
CoP12
Nairobi, Kenya
CoP3
Kyoto, Japan
CoP11
Montreal, Canada CMP 1
CoP2
Geneva, Switzerland
CoP10
Buenos Aires, Argentina
CoP1
Berlin, Germany