Setting up a solar PV System | Centre for Science and Environment


Setting up a solar PV System

There are four basic calculations that you need to do before you can get on with buying a system that would fulfill all your requirements. These are:

•    Electrical load or power requirement
•    Sunshine availability
•    Size of the Photovoltaic array and
•    Size and number of batteries
 

Calculate total electrical load or power requirement

Before you think of setting up a solar PV system you need to calculate the electrical load that you want it to handle.

Typical household electrical appliances and their run times.
 

Appliance

Watts

Hours used per day

Wh/day

Ceiling fan

100

8

800

Coffee maker

600

0.3

180

Cloth dryer

4,856

0.8

3,885

Computer

150

2

300

Dishwasher

1,200

0.5

600

Four CFL lamps (each 15W)

60

5

300

Microwave oven

1,300

0.5

650

Radio

80

4

320

Refrigerator

600

9

5,400

Television

300

8

2,400

Vacuum cleaner

600     

0.2

120

VCR

25

8

200

Washing machine

375

0.5

188

 

 

(For uncertainty to anticipate daily electrical load of appliances, it is recommended to multiply daily estimated load by a factor of 1.5. This factor accounts all the system efficiencies, including wiring and interconnection losses, as well as the efficiency of the battery charging and discharging cycles)

 

Total power requirement (T.P.) =1.5 × Electrical load Wh/day

 

Calculate sunlight availability

 

Also known as insolation value, it is the amount of solar energy in hours, received each day on an optimally tilted surface during the worst month of the year. For India the insulation value range is between 4 – 5.5 hours.

 

Total number of sunshine hours (S.H.) = _____h/day.
Calculate array size

 

The size of the PV array is calculated by dividing Total Power Requirement by the number of Sunshine Hours.
Total array size required = T.P. ÷ S.H. = _____W.

 

Size and number of batteries

 

It is determined by multiplying Total Power Requirement with five which results in Wh and this value is divided by battery voltage (e.g., 12V) to get the value in Ah.

 

Total battery bank required = (5×T.P.) /12 Ah.
 

Follow us on 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
gobar times