Just use it
Poor laws and regulations and lack of coordination between regulatory bodies worsen the water crisis
There is no concrete government policy on industrial water use. The existing policies are merely a atchwork of public health and water availability concerns.
INDIA: In India, as of now, there is no law determining the exact amount of water meant for consumption by the various industrial sectors. Though CPCB has prescribed water consumption levels for some industrial sectors, they are mere recommendations and cannot be enforced by laws. India also has some obsolete laws related to groundwater extraction. In Indian law, the person who owns the land also owns the groundwater below. Though this law has some relevance as far as the domestic groundwater use is concerned, it is outright absurd for industrial and commercial use. The result is that today, industries withdraw groundwater that remains unregulated and unpriced.
INDIA: In India both these principles are absent. The result is that industries use more freshwater and discharge more pollutants through wastewater and still meet the legal standards. The industrial water pollution standards in the country are concentration based, that is, they measure the concentration of pollution in a given quantity of water. The result is that an industry can meet the required standard merely by diluting the effluent with clean water. Since the cost of water is low, it makes more economic sense for an industry to dilute the effluent than to treat it to meet the standards. l
National Water Policy: Industry is let off!
The entire document of 6000 words mentions industry just 6 times, unmindful of the environmental concerns industrial water use poses.
Water policy says:
Effluents should be treated to levels and standards
that are acceptable before discharging them into natural streams.
Principle of 'polluter pays' should be followed in management of polluted water.
Economic development and activities, including agriculture, industry and urban
development, should be planned with due regard to the constraints imposed by the
configuration of water availability. There should be a water zoning of the country and the
economic activities should be guided and regulated in accordance with such zoning.
Efficiency of utilisation in all the diverse uses of water should be optimised and an
awareness of water as a scarce resource should be fostered. Conservation consciousness
should be promoted through education, regulation, incentives and disincentives.
resources should be conserved and the availability augmented by maximising retention,
eliminating pollution and minimising losses. For this, measures such as selective linings
in the conveyance system, modernisation and rehabilitation of existing systems including
tanks, recycling and re-use of treated effluents and adoption of traditional techniques
like mulching or pitcher irrigation and new techniques like drip and sprinkler may be
promoted, wherever feasible.