comprehenslve policy on industrial water use
comprehensive policy on industrial water use
and Economic Instruments
We demand these should be uniformly applicable to all ndustries
from downstream of wastewater discharge:
We force industry to clean water before discharge
load-based effluent standards:
Should replace existing concentration-based effluent standards. This
will encourage industry to save water, and reduce effluent dilution
Control total pollution discharge from an industry. These
standards must be media specific, area specific and industry specific
Should be fixed for all industries in a given watershed. Industries
allowed to withdraw only a specific amount
Specify proportion of process water recycled out of the gross water
on source utilisation:
In areas where groundwater levels are low, industries should not be
allowed to withdraw groundwater.
make companies meet most of their water requirement through
Determine where water is used by industry. Price should be highest
for water that can be easily re-cycled. Increase unit price with increasing
use. Charge for groundwater use.
Use 'polluter pays principle' to control pollutants of major concern.
Calculate charges as a function of pollution. Should be high enough
to provide incentive to reduce pollution
Should be stiff, based on environmental damage caused.