1. What is a City Sanitation Plan?

A city Sanitation Plan is a vision document on sanitation which consists of strategic planning processes in order to achieve the objectives of citywide sanitation with a 25-30 year horizon. This document consists of key issues, goals and strategies of each sanitation sector. The purpose of this document is to support ULBs, and other relevant stakeholders (CBOs, NGOs, private agencies and citizens) to take effective and concrete steps to achieve 100% sanitation in their own cities. For more information, visit this page

In order to address the above challenges, Government of India announced the National Urban Sanitation Policy (NUSP)in 2008 with an overall goal to transform urban India into community-driven, totally sanitized, and healthy cities and towns. The NUSP aspires that, “All Indian cities and towns become totally sanitized, healthy and livable and ensure and sustain good public health and environmental outcomes for all their citizens with a special focus on hygienic and affordable sanitation facilities for the urban poor and women.” For more information, visit this page – hyperlink

A CSP primarily should be prepared by the respective urban local body of a city/town. The preparation of the report can also be delegated to an external consultant. However, in order to have a sense of ownerwship over the CSP, it is advisable that the ULB and external consultant work together closely to address the greater details.

The urban local body is responsible for implementing the CSP. The city sanitation task force is responsible for coordinating the process of implementation. For more information, visit this page

For more information, visit this page

A city Sanitation Plan is a vision document on sanitation which consists of strategic planning processes in order to achieve the objectives of citywide sanitation with a 25-30 year horizon

The amount of time it takes to prepare CSPs is entirely dependent on the amount and quality of data. However it should be noted that the CSP is a living document and hence can be updated on a regular basis.

The report can be prepared in English and any other local language which the urban local body is comfortable with.

There is no definite page limit to the report. However, the NUSP (2010) template for preparing CSPs is recommended for ULBs, which covers key essentials of the report. For more information,

Under the NUSP, an indicative checklist has been provided for guidance in terms of data collection for all sectors. In addition to the NUSP checklist, a few more additions have been made in order to conduct a more detailed analysis. These sector-wise data checklists can be accessed from module 3.2 onwards.

This is an essential step in the CSP process as it forms the foundation of the proposed action plan in the CSP. Data analysis helps us comprehend the situation in all sanitation sectors by highlighting the main issues in the city. There are various existing methods of data analysis; however a few recommended methodologies can be found on the following link-

It is essential to view specific key issues or sanitation challenges spatially in a city. Through this visualization, identification of problematic hotspots and opportunities for intervention becomes more apparent.

There are various software which are used for mapping. The most commonly used interface is ARC GIS. This software can be downloaded with the following link:

For more information on the types of maps to be created for spatial analysis:

The SFD gives a clear picture of how wastewater and faecal sludge management services are delivered in a city. Primarily it provides technical and non-technical stakeholders with an easy-understood advocacy tool that can be used to support decision-making on urban sanitation planning and programming. For a step by step guide as to how to make SFDs-

A more detailed data set will result in a more comprehensive and implementable action plan. Thus, collecting data at the ward level is recommended. However, this also depends upon the existing baseline and secondary data of your city. In case, ward wise data is unavailable, primary surveys should be conducted. To access tools for collecting primary data-

Data Credibility Checklist

1. Identifying credible sources and contacts (departments, officers etc) to collect the information

2. Designate an officer from the ULB who takes part and coordinates data collection and documentation.

3. Consult with the CSTF at each state of data collection and presentation

For achieving the goals of a city, there would be varous existing technical and non-technical solutions, which would require coordination from institutional, regulatory and financial aspects. At this point, it becomes crucial to prioritise goals and objectives to create a clear action plan.

For a recommended criteria for prioritization-

City Sanitation Task Force (CSTF) is a multi stakeholder task force formed for achieving city wide sanitation through CSP. < a href="" target="_blank">To conduct stakeholder analysis

To know more details on the “Standard Operating Procedure” of CSTF meetings

Don’t worry! You can contact the CSP helpdesk for help. Kindly send us an email on

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