Why promoting CSPs in the first place?As per the National Urban Sanitation Policy, issued by the Ministry of Urban Affairs, the importance of sanitation is now a matter of great importance. The Government of India acknowledges that sanitation requires coordination at the state and city level, where the on-ground implementation and sustenance of public health and environmental outcomes requires strong institutions and stakeholders (NUSP, 2010). In order to streamline strategies and action plans to meet the sanitation standards, each state and city in the nation is required to formulate and prepare its own city sanitation plan “CSP”. Hence, this document acts as a dossier of all information and future action plans made to achieve sanitation standards with accordance and conformity to the National Policy.
What SanI-KIt brings to the table:
Although there have been various attempts at preparing CSPs, most of these planning documents are shelved in due course. There are very few examples of implementable CSPs in India today.
SanI-Kit enables the ULB/users to not only prepare but implement their city owned city sanitation plan. The toolkit is designed to give a detailed synonpsis of the city with regards to sanitation planning at present and in the future. It focuses on issues which are often missed out and are crucial for overall implementation. These include:
1. Convergence at all levels: It is essential while planning a CSP that all national, state and city level institutions and policies/schemes is taken into account. This aspect is often missed out while planning, which results in hindrances in the latter stage of implementation of the CSP. SanI-Kit ensures that the CSP is made under an umbrella of convergence of the overall regulatory framework.
2. Importance of stakeholder involvement: Often city level documents are restrained to be prepared by a certain set of selected stakeholders. This results in no-holistic planning. SanI-Kit highlights and gives guidelines on the importance of integrated planning while preparing and planning a CSP. It is vital to have stakeholders from various sectors give their input during the preparatory phase. This results in city ownership of the document, resulting in effective planning and implementation.
3. Spatial representation of city : This toolkit also gives data analysis a different dimension, by enabling users to present their key issues and opportunities of interventions spatially. This results in effective decision making, while also ensuring that all problematic areas are addressed in the city. It also allows city planners to prioritise their actions accordingly over a period of time.
4. Long-term planning : SanI-KIt promotes the concept of long-term planning. Often, due to the number of issues raised in a city, prioritizing strategies can be challenging. This toolkit shows the user the importance of categorizing strategies into short-medium and long term action plans. This ensures that all actions are implemented over a period of time.
What is Sani-kit and why is there a need for this toolkit?
Till date, there have been a number of cities in India who have prepared their respective CSP, however very few examples of CSPs which have been successful in terms of implementation. Therefore this toolkit (referred to as Sani-kit) aims to :
To provide a web-based portal with a comprehensive collection of essential tools to enhance the capability of urban local bodies in India to prepare a high quality, city owned city sanitation plan.
Objectives of Sani-kit:
• To serve as a one-stop database for tools/guidelines on preparing CSPs
• ULBs are equipped to access tools for interdependent actions to prepare CSPs
• To serve as a road map for ULBs in implementing actors which systematically guides them with the stages and activities required for preparing and implementing a CSP.
Till date there have been several existing manuals on how to prepare CSPs. However, this web based toolkit equips urban local bodies with the tools to prepare effective city sanitation plans. Cities will have all the essential checklists, formats/templates to conduct data collection/analysis as well as formulate an effective and time bound action plan. The web-based portal will provide tools for each stage of planning, preparing and implementing CSPs. The tools/templates will be tailor-made and editable so that users can easily utilise them.
Who can use Sani-kit?
Sani-kit can be used by anyone who is interested to know, learn, prepare and implement a city sanitation plan. This toolkit can particularly be used by urban local bodies / consultants / NGOs / city planners and decision makers who can implement CSPs.
Sani-kit will equip the user with the technical understanding and key essentials of preparing city owned city sanitation plans.
How to use Sani-kit?
Sani-kit acts as a one-stop toolkit and roadmap with guided steps to prepare a city sanitation plan. Sani-kit is designed to be used by all actors/stakeholders working in the field of sanitation, hence the tools and resources available can be utilised by all. A user can access each step and it’s tools directly or can also follow the step by step procedure. Each tool has detailed instructions on how to use it. If any assistance is required, the CSP helpdesk is always available to address a query.