What is Sanitation
Impact of Inadequate Sanitation

Approximately, 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation globally, where out of this figure, 597 million people reside in India, translating into 40% of Indians lacking access to improved sanitation . This hinders the track towards sustainable development in four key areas:

Public Health

  • Lack of access to clean drinking water and inadequate sanitation have globally contributed to 88% deaths from diarrheal diseases.
  • In India, an estimate of 62 million children are stunted resulting from chronic malnutrition due to lack of access to improved sanitation.  
  • India is associated with the second highest death rate for children (under 5 years) due to poor sanitation.

Gender Aspects

  • Inequitable access to sanitation facilities for women and girls leading to health burdens and high crime rates.

  • High percentage of health disorders due to lack of and unclean toilet facilities, lack of privacy, open defecation and long waiting time.
  • In India, girls lose approximately 20% of school days due to sanitation related reasons such as lack of toilet facilities at their school or lack of awareness on how to deal with menstruation.

Environmental Impacts

  • Existing cities in India do not have sanitation infrastructure to cater to the waste being produced, leading to contamination of the environment
  • No existing system for safe disposal of waste
  • Reduced ecosystem services and depreciation of land value.
  • In all cities there is no system for conveyance and safe disposal of this
  •  waste


Economic Impacts

  • India suffers from great economic impact, with US $106.7 billion (2015) in terms of total cost for inadequate sanitation.

  • According to Indian Ministy of Health and Family Welfare, an estimate of 12 billion IN is spent annually on poor sanitationOut of this, 70% of this is mostly health related costs.

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