Fact Sheet 1: Regulations
1920s: Phthalates are introduced.
1931: Plasticizer poly vinyl chloride (PVC) industry booms, with commercial availability of PVC and development of di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP).
1999: European Union (EU) puts restrictions on sale of toys and childcare articles made of soft PVC containing di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), DEHP, diisononyl phthalate (DINP), diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DNoP). These toys and articles are those that are intended to be placed in mouth by children under three years of age. (http://europa.eu/)
1999: Standard (IS 9873 Part 2) on safety requirements for toys, specifically concerning flammability requirements, is adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). (http://www.bis.org.in/)
1999: Standard (IS 9873 Part 3) on safety requirements for toys, concerning migration of certain elements, is adopted by BIS. (http://www.bis.org.in/)
2000: Anti-dumping investigation by Indian authorities finds no evidence of injury to domestic industry due to alleged dumping of toys from China, including mechanical and battery-operated toys.