Work Overview

An excreta flow diagram (also often described as shit flow diagram, SFD) is a tool to readily understand and communicate how excreta physically flows through a city or town. For more info on SFD and the SFD promotion initiative visit

During the first two phases of the SFD promotion initiative, CSE was closely working with SFD PI partners (BMGF, EAWAG, GIZ, University of Leeds, WEDC, World Bank) to develop tools and methods for the production of SFDs and refinement based on feedback received from sector practitioners. As part of the SFD Phase 1 & 2 grants, CSE prepared more than 100 SFDs (65 + in Ganga basin states & the rest for other cities in India). CSE has made a considerable contribution to support the production and review of good-quality SFDs as well as help train practitioners.

A demonstrated impact is the uptake of the approach by local, regional and national organizations and governmental agencies - in particular in India, South Africa (WRC with CSE technical support launched a national campaign) and in state / cities in Africa and South Asia, where there is widespread use of SFDs for advocacy and as a tool to map progress across the sanitation value chain.

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Upcoming Events
Communication Materials
Previous Events
Online Training on preparation of Shit Flow Diagram (SFD): Part A and B  
International Virtual
Training Programme on Preparation
of Shit Flow Diagram
Online training on "Preparation of Shit Flow Diagram (SFD)" Online course on SFD- 2020 Workshop ‘Planning, Guiding
and Monitoring Citywide sanitation
services systems – tools and
experience’ at FSM-5, 22nd
Feb 2019 (Cape Town, SA)
SFD Phase- III South AsiaLaunch Event SFD WEEK - April 2 to 5, 2019 Workshop on Sustainable Sanitation
– Global and Local Partnerships
Experiences and Way Ahead
Oral Presentation at FSM 5
Conference: Mapping Faecal Waste
and Mainstreaming Citywide
Sanitation in Ganga Basin
– Uttar Pradesh
Training on Preparation of
Excreta Flow Diagram in South
Africa, August 6-7, 2018
Training on Preparation of
Shit Flow Diagrams
(SFDs) at CSE, 10th to 12th July 2018
Status Review meeting- Capacity
Building Programme
in Uttar Pradesh on April 9, 2018
Training on Preparation of SFD
in Goa, February 19, 2018
Training on Preparation
of Excreta Flow Diagram in
South Africa, August 16-17, 2018
Excreta Flow Diagram:
A Sanitation Planning Tool
in Pretoria, 21 September 2017
Training on Sewerage to Sustainable
Sanitation: at CSE,
October 10-13, 2017
Capacity Development
Workshop: Make your Own SFD
at WEDC, UK, 28 July 2017
Training of Trainers (ToT)
on Preparation of Shit Flow
Diagram (SFD)
Translating Sanitation Tool
Results to Policy in United
Kingdom, 24TH July 2017
Training of Trainers (ToT)
on "Preparation of excreta flow
diagram (Shit Flow Diagram-SFD)
at CSE on 07-08 September 2016
International Training Programme
on DWT including local reuse in Accra
(March 14-16, 2016)
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Ahraura Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Barwar Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), BKT Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Bithoor
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Aya Nagar Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Faridabad Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Lakhimpur Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Noorpur
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Sirsa Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Tinsukia Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Dharamshala Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Indore
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Jammu Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Mandapeta Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Bandipora Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Sakhipur
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Agra Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Bhagalpur Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Cuttack Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Haldia
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Jamalpur Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Jhansi Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Kanpur Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Nasik
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Prayagraj Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Sircilla Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Unnao Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Chunar
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Bijnor      
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Ramnagar Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Chunar Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Bijnor Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Muzaffarpur
Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Buxar Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Bansberia Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Katihar Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Bongaon
Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Gangaghat Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Bodhgaya Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
Introduction to SFD 'Voices on SFDs'
- with Prof. Barbara Evans
SFD: The Indonesian
Case (full version)
How to prepare a SFD or a Shit Flow
SuSanA monthly Webinar 8
"How to make your own SFD
Graphic using the SFD
online tools“
Kartik Chandran: Converting
faecal sludge to
Hasin Jahan on using
faecal waste to make compost
in Bangladesh
Cutting the Crap
Faecal Sludge (a soil
Faecal Sludge Management
in Jhansi
Fecal Sludge Management
(FSM) in Delhi - a case study
in Jhansi
Where does your shit go?
Supported By

Contact Details

SFD initiative Co-ordinator

Centre for Science and Environment
41, Tughlakabad Institutional Area
New Delhi-110062, India
Phone: (91) (11) 40616000 Website: