January 08, 2019

With growing urbanisation, cities are becoming water guzzlers. Often dependent on distant cleaner upstream (or imperil the groundwater sources) and discharge their waste into downstream. The conventional method of wastewater management is capital and resource intensive, hence unaffordable to many cities. This has resulted in higher dependence on on-site sanitation systems across India and the global south.  CSE’s  Sustainable Water and Sanitation Programme is geared to help re-invent the urban water – wastewater management by establishing policy principles, innovative technologies and implementation strategies to help lay the foundation for water and waste prudent society.  The programme has expanded in many parts of the global south by partnering with research institutes, government and networks.  

A key area of intervention has been Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) to deal with the daunting challenge of on-site sanitation. The programme has been involved in preparing City Sanitation Plans as lead global south / Indian partner of GIZ led global consortia on creating ‘Shit Flow Diagrams’, or SFDs, to map excreta flows to aid credible sanitation mapping, planning and implementation in India and made contributions to the national policy on Faecal Sludge and Septage Management, which was launched by the Union Ministry of Urban Development in Feb. 2017,which included dedicated budgets for FSSM across 500 + cities in India and AMRUT sub mission on FSSM for water bodies / Ganga river rejuvenation. SFDs has attracted worldwide interest – from Bangladesh, Ghana, Tanzania and South Africa. 

The newly set up School of Water and Waste at CSE – Anil Agarwal Environment Training Institute (AAETI) is a learning, training and innovation centrethat is designed to help build institutional and technical capacities of key agencies and practitioners; install demonstration projectson alternative technologies that serve as useful models of good practices; and leverage policy and implementation opportunities for citywide sanitation.

CSE is organising the SFD Weekas first knowledge conclave to learn from the experiences and help cities move beyond merely constructing toilets to becoming ODF, thus ensuring city-wide sanitation.The event is being actively supported by Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA), International Water Association (IWA) and National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management Alliance (NFSSM Alliance).

Day 1, is dedicated to the overarching issue of water security in the era of climate change. There would be discussion on the status of water and sanitation across the global south especially diving deep into the state of rivers and pollution control through proactive measures in sanitation sector. The day would end with a reception dinner at AAETI.

Day 2, the discussion is largely focused on tools and approaches for ensuring city-wide inclusive sanitation. Discussion onSFD as a sanitation assessment tool, extensively used by CSE across global south, would be done to gauge the findings from the process and results of conducting such exercises. Also, what are the impacts of such tools on overall sanitation would be deliberated. Comprehensive sanitation planning approaches such as City Sanitation Plan would be discussed and the last sessions would dive deep into plans, policies and processes (legal, financial, social etc.) that are imperative to enforce Faecal Sludge and Septage Management across States and Cities.

Day 3, is planned to deliberate on best practices and technologies across the sanitation value chain including resource recovery and business strategy for supporting such practices.

Day 4, is largely focused on identifying challenges and opportunities of convergence and closing the water-waste loop.

Eminent experts representing renowned institutions have agreed to participate as keynote speakers. This would be a great opportunity to listen to them and contribute to these deliberations.

The four days residential event is being organized at CSE’s newly built state-of-art facility, AAETI at Nimli, Rajasthan. AAETI is a learning, training and innovation centre designed to find appropriate and affordable solutions to some of the most pressing environmental problems. To read more please click here.


SuSanA: An informal network of people and organisations who share a common vision on sustainable sanitation and who want to contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, in particular SDG6. SuSanA came into existence in early 2007. Since then, it has been providing a platform for coordination and collaborative work. SuSanA connects members to a community of people with diverse expertise and opinions. SuSanA also serves as sounding board for innovative ideas. Finally, SuSanA contributes to policy dialogue through joint publications, meetings and initiatives.

IWA: The International Water Association (IWA) is an organisation that brings together people from across the water profession to deliver equitable and sustainable water solutions for our world.With the renewed focus of India towards ensuring water for all and the unprecedented civilizational leap that is underway to ensure sanitation across the nation, IWA decided to expand its operations in India. IWA India Chapter that was organized in Chennai Adyar Park on 23rd of October, 2018 is aimed towards firmly establishing IWA in India, fully focused on serving our fast growing membership. As mentioned in the IWA Strategic Plan 2019-2024, our mission is to be a catalyst of innovation, knowledge, best water practices and a provider of leadership opportunities’ to our members. IWA has formulated a specialist group on non-sewered sanitation with a mission. The mission of this IWA Specialist Group is to bring together experts, scientists and practitioners with experience in faecal sludge management (FSM) and non-sewered sanitation (NSS) to generate, collate and disseminate knowledge in the area worldwide. This knowledge aims to guide sanitation service provision in a sustainable way therefore improving the quality of life for millions of people using on-site sanitation systems and therefore contributes towards achieving SDG target 6.2.  

NFSSM Alliance: It is a national working group, that was convened in January 2016.The alliance has a vision to create an enabling environment which amplifies scaling of safe, sustainable and inclusiveFSSM through knowledge, partnerships and innovative solutions by 2025. It currently comprises of more than 32 organizations across the country working towards solutions for Indian States and Cities. The Alliance members meet every month to track the progress and also to derive various actions towards main streaming of FSSM. The NFSSM Alliance works on all aspects from City Sanitation Plans to Regulatory and Institutional frameworks across the sanitation value chain. 

To join the list of interested participants, kindly fill this form.



Bhitush Luthra
Programme Manager 
Suresh Kumar Rohilla 
Senior Director Water & Academic Director
School of Water and Waste - AAETI 



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Leading Voices (Keynote speakers)
Kala Vairavamoorthy
Executive Director
International Water Association (IWA)
Mr Dhesigen Naidoo 
Chief Executive Officer
Water Research Commission
South Africa
Shri Rajiv Ranjan Mishra (TBC)
Director General
National Mission for Clean Ganga, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, India
Shri  Manoj Kumar Singh (TBC)
Principal Secretary
Department of Urban Development 
Uttar Pradesh, India
Arne Panesar
Head of Program
Sustainable Sanitation
GIZ, Bonn, Germany
Madhu Krishna
Country lead
Water Sanitation & Hygiene, BMGF India
Sunita Narain
Director General
Centre for Science and Environment, India
Thought Leaders
Dr. Kartik Chandran, Professor, Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering
Columbia University New York
Radu Ban, Senior Program Officer, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, US (TBC)
Dr Barbara Evans, Professor of Public Health Engineering, University of Leeds, United Kingdom (TBC)
Jayant Narsee Bhagwan, Executive Manager Water Research Commission, South Africa
Dr. Francis Boateng Agyenim, Director, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Accra, Ghana
Abdullah Al-Muyeed Head of Policy and Advocacy at WaterAid Bangladesh
Dr Manoj Roy, Lecturer, Lancaster University, United Kingdom
David Robbins, Independent consultant
Claire Furlong, Lecturer, Environmental Engineering and Water Technology Department, IHE Delft, Netherlands  
Dorai Narayanan, Independent consultant
Anil Kashyap, Head of Department – Geographyand Environmental Management, University of West England, Bristol
Chad Staddon, Professor of Resource Economics and Policy. University of West England, Bristol
Juliet Willetts, Associate Professor, Research Director Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney
Managing Septage in Cities of Uttar Pradesh (Vol-1)
मल कीचड़ एवं सेप्टेज प्रबंधन दिषानिर्देष उत्तर प्रदेष सरकार