To roll-out the use of SFD as a decision support and advocacy tool with active participation of city stakeholders. Duration of the project: Designed as a two year project building on one year kick-start phase.
In 2014 the centre partnered with a group of institutions active in the field of excreta management to promote excreta (septage and sewage) flow analysis to inform urban sanitation programming through the service delivery assessment tool - Shit Flow Diagrams (SFDs), developed by Water and Sanitation Programme - World Bank. The objective of phase I of initiative was development and roll out of SFDs along with service delivery context analysis by testing the approach/tools in 50 cities worldwide. CSE prepared SFDs for 11 select cities from different agro climatic zones across India.
July 01 to 28, 2018
August 14 to December 8, 2017
April 4 to July 22, 2016
The historic city of Jhansi was selected as one of the smart cities in 2015, by Government of India. As the city lies on the plateau of Central India, it is dominated by rocky relief, hence laying of underground sewerage network was a challenge.