Kalpetta, Kerala, India

A Sanitation (or Shit) Flow Diagram presents a clear picture of how excreta flows are managed within the city. The diagram clearly depicts how excreta flows from user interface to the final disposal. It has the following stages:

Ø According to Census 2011, city has coverage of 10% households connected to pipe sewer system but during the field based study including Key Informant Interview (KII) with ULB, it was found that there is no household connected to functional underground drainage system

Ø Households in the city are mostly dependent on 3 chambered septic tanks connected to soak pits. Household having pit as containment are constructed with concrete rings or granite stones with an open bottom

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