CSE-WRC Online Training of Trainers (ToT) on Preparation of Shit Flow Diagram (SFD)

Date: October 12 - 21, 2021
Part A (Online): 12 -26 October, 2021 | 12 hours
Part B (Virtual): 18 – 21 October, 2021| 12 hours
Platform: Moodle and Zoom
Language: English

The event is completed

The School of Water & Waste, CSE organised a two-part online ‘Training of Trainers on Preparation of Shit Flow Diagram (SFD)’, in collaboration with Water Research Commission, South Africa. The aim of the training was to equip practitioners, managers, regulators and academicians to develop capacity of local stakeholders in using the Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) Tool for research and advocacy.

Part A (Context Setting and Introduction) was held from 12-26October, 2021 on the CSE Moodle Platform while Part B (Action Learning) was held from 18-21October, 2021. A total of 35 participants from South Africa attended the training, representing govt. depts, consultants, academicians and researchers.

During Part A of the training, participantswere introduced to the concepts of adult learning and the various tools and techniques involved in designing a professional training programme. Participants learnt the key aspects of using Harvard Case Methods, and reflection sessions, etc. The participants were also exposed to the basics of SFD and its multi-dimensional use in advocacy, decision-making and outreach programmes across the world. Various case studies were shared with the participants showcasing the use of SFDs for city sanitation planning, faecal sludge management strategies, policy impact and other advocacy measures.

Part B of the training programme was held on the Zoom Platform, with four virtual sessions organised, to provide a virtual hands-on training on using the SFD Tool and Graphic Generator.Day 1 started with a welcome address by Dr Suresh Kumar Rohilla, Senior Director, CSE, India and Jay Bhagwan, Executive Manager, WRC, South Africa. They discussed the role of SFD in advocacy and monitoring of sanitation programmes, and the journey of SFDs in India and South Africa.

Dr Sudhir Pillay, WRC shared key insights of the Brown Drop initiative and how WRC intends to upscale SFDs in South Africa as an advocacy tool, and its role and application in shaping sanitation policy in the country. Following this, Dhruv Pasricha, CSE provided a brief reflection on the learnings from Part A, followed by a brainstorming session.

Technical sessions started with the concepts and methods of Adult learning, followed by a detailed session on How to Read an SFD by Harsh Yadava, CSE. This was followed by an interactive brainstorming session where participants and trainers deliberated on the various aspects of SFDs.

Day 2 was focussed on data collection for preparation of SFDs. Harsh Yadava presented the various data heads which are needed to prepare an SFD graphic. Discussions on quantification of faecal sludge and wastewater were also held, describing the methods of quantification and its application. This was followed by a group exercise on Data Collection. Discussions were held regarding the amount of data required for preparing various levels of SFD reports.

Day 3 was focussed on using the SDF Graphic Generator on the SuSanA Portal. The session also enlightened participants on the recent updates on the SFD portal, with global access to data and visualisations at various scales. Following these sessions and discussions, the Do-It-Yourself (DIY) exercise was introduced, in which the participants were divided into four groups and given hypothetical cities and data to prepare an SFD.

The final day was reserved for the DIY group exercise and presentations. The participants were able to prepare SFDs for their hypothetical towns. They presented on the city profile, major issues in the town, quantification details, SFD matrix and graphic. They also presented on brief recommendations for FSM and wastewater management in their cities, based on the SFD graphic.   

The training was concluded with a detailed feedback session and reflections from the participants on the learnings, way forward and action plans submitted by the participants.


Training coordinators


South Africa

Dhruv Pasricha
Programme Officer, Urban Water Unit
Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India
Email: dhruv.pasricha@cseindia.org

Dr Sudhir Pillay
Research Manager: Sanitation
Water Research Commission, South Africa
Email: sudhirp@wrc.org.za

For more information, contact the following:


South Africa

Dr Suresh Kumar Rohilla
Senior Director & Academic Director, School of Water and Waste - AAETI, CSE, India
Email: srohilla@cseindia.org

Jay Bhagwan
Executive Manager: Water and Wastewater
Water Research Commission, South Africa
Email: jayb@wrc.org.za




‘I appreciated the trainers. They made everybody feel included and pushed everybody out of their comfort zones. Personally, I was very intimidated to talk in the meeting as I was the youngest there, but they made me feel comfortable to answer questions and speak up’,
Jenna-Lee Clingham, Emanti
‘Very practical and relevant to my duties. It was a fruitful session, I have also leant a skill of conducting training during induction of new officials. I have learnt a lot including advanced presentation skills. Thank you a lot’,
Lusanda Agbasi, Dept. of Water and Sanitation
‘Excellent course’,
Francois, Independent Consultant
‘An inclusive training programme, participants had a fair deal in expressing themselves’,
KgomotsoMatobole, Vaal University of Technology