Translating Sanitation Tool Results to Policy

Time: 13:30-14:55pm 

Date: Monday 24th July, 2017

Venue: WEDC Conference, Loughborough University, United Kingdom 

Room: WPT001

Panelists: Bhitush Luthra, CSE; TREND; Peter Hawkins, Private consultant formerly of the World Bank; Sujaya Rathi, CSTEP, Mr Yakubu Habib, Emory University

Moderator: Dr. Suresh Kumar Rohilla, CSE India

Welcome Speaker: Professor Christine Moe

Convening Organizations: Center for Global Safe WASH at Emory University Atlanta; Training, Research and Networking for Development Group (TREND), Ghana; Center for Science and Environment (CSE), India; Center for the Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP), India

Audio recording of the side event

Several sanitation tools have been developed recently by various organizations aimed at diagnosing and improving sanitation conditions in low-middle income countries. In this session, practitioners and experts from Ghana, India, USA, and the UK have discussed how the results from the tools are used to influence policy. The objective was for practitioners to talk about their experiences, shortcomings, and the challenges of using the tools and results to influence policy.  The practitioners shared experiences on using the Sanipath, Shit Flow Diagrams, Sanitation Safety Planning tools, World Bank FSM Diagnostics, and FSM Tool Box.  

The outcome was to share experiences on how best to engage policy makers in diverse environments in translating results to policy.  The event was attended by non-governmental organizations, global development partners, academic institutions, and government policy advisors.

The event was well facilitated by Dr Rohilla, and it attracted around 80 practitioners, who contributed with their relevant questions to the panelists. 


  • Designed to assess public health risks related to poor sanitation

  • Shows the pathways which contribute the greatest risk

  • Implemented in Ghana, India and Mozambique


  • SFD is a tool which maps the flow of excreta within a city

  • WSP of World Bank developed SFDs for 12 cities- 3 in Latin America, 6 in Asia, 3 in Africa

  • In November 2014, a 1-year project named SFD Promotion Initiative was launched

  • Project managed by GIZ under SuSanA with the team of CSE, Sandec/Eawag, UOL and WEDC

  • Excel based tool to generate the SFD was developed by the end of the project

  • In total 45 SFD Reports have been published and uploaded- 24 in Asia, 17 in Africa, 4 in Latin America

  • New Web based Graphic Generator for SFD launched in November 2016 as part of phase II of the project

FSM Toolbox (2014)

  • A one- stop database for FSM tools and guidelines

  • Objective was to synthesize fragmented information on FSM and modify them to best suit the needs of key FSM players

  • Implemented in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Thailand, Uganda, Senegal and South Africa

World Bank FSM Diagnostics (2016)

• Objective is to diagnose the FSM status of cities and to guide in decision – making of key players 

• Comprises of the following key tools:

  • Fecal Waste Flow Diagram

  • City Service delivery assessment

  • Prognosis for Change

  • Service Delivery Action Framework

  • Technical Intervention Options

• Implemented in Peru, Bolivia, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Indonesia