Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), Muzaffarpur

An excreta flow diagram (or Shit) Flow Diagram presents a clear picture of how excreta flows are managed within the city. The diagram clearly depicts how excreta flows from user interface to the final disposal. It has the following stages:

➣ According to the field-based research conducted during October 2016, it is revealed that no functional sewer network present in the city. Mostly the population is dependent on on-site sanitation systems (OSS) like septic tank and pit latrines (Interview with Sanitary Inspector). Households deprived of toilets, uses community toilets or practice open defecation

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