Adaptation is necessary to manage the risks posed by climate change. Rising to the Call is a collection of stories from all over India about the nature of extreme weather events experienced, how communities are responding and successful adaptation practices emerging out of these experiences. It studies the impacts and replicability of the different approaches to adaptation and brings out valuable insights for developing countries in the region and beyond. Five regions are considered: The Indian Himalayan region, the Indo-Gangetic plain, the desert region, central and peninsular India, and coasts and islands. Case studies highlight crop diversification, payment for eco-system services, flood-proof housing, restoration of watersheds, protection of mangroves, groundwater management, weather forecasting and advisory services, flood-resistant rice, and more. This book is a first-of-its kind that looks at adaptation with an ear to the ground. It looks into why some actions worked, the challenges and enabling conditions.