Katowice (Poland), December 11, 2018: Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), the independent public research and advocacy think tank based in New Delhi (India), an avid and consistent CoP-watcher and analyst body, believes that the 24th Conference of Parties is heading towards a weak outcome. CSE analysts attending the global negotiations say there are major disagreements between Parties on a wide range of issues (including minor issues) and there is little time left to bridge those disagreements.
“Considering that the Paris Agreement itself is a weak regime, having a weaker rulebook will make it inconsequential. This is something that the world cannot afford. It would a better choice to have no rulebook here at Katowice than have a weak, ineffectual rulebook,” said Chandra Bhushan,deputy director general, CSE.Bhushan is heading the CSE delegation at the 24thCoP.
CSE is recommending that countries should work for another year to develop a consensus on a robust and meaningful rulebook and then finalise it by 2019.
The disagreements at Katowice run across the entire rulebook. Major points of contest relate to the issue of differentiation between developed and developing countries:
The discussions on other issues including new market mechanisms are likely to be pushed down to next year owing to greater technicalities and complexities in different countries’ stances.
The IPCC Special Report on 1.5oC makes it clear that the 2oC threshold referred to in the Paris Agreement is more dangerous than previously thought, and that unprecedented economic transformations are needed in the next decade to keep warming under the 1.5oC benchmark. This requires rapid phase-out of fossil fuels and drastic curtailment of wasteful consumption. According to the recently released UN Emission Gap Report, the level of ambition needs to be multiplied five-fold to stay under 1.5oC. Even then, at Katowice, countries like US and Saudi Arabia are fighting over whether to welcome the IPCC Report or just take note of it under SBSTA. Further, there is not even a discussion happening on how to raise ambition, say CSE analysts.
“There is no discussion on how countries will revise and update their NDCs by 2020, which is critical to keep temperature increase within liveable limits. ,” says VijetaRattani, programme manager-climate change, CSE.
“The bottomline is that countries are sparring even on procedures. For example, they failed to reach a consensus on the adoption of the IPCC Special Report on 1.5oC, which was commissioned under the Paris Agreement. All this shows that countries are not ready and willing for a meaningful negotiation. In such a situation, forcing a weak rulebook in the name of consensus would be very harmful for the world,” added Bhushan.