August 02, 2023

Three wheeled transition to zero emission mobility in Delhi

While signing the global pledge for 100 per cent electrification target in the time frame of 2030-40 India had made a special mention that two- and threewheelers are more than 70 per cent of global sales and more than 80 per cent in India and that all governments should support the transition of these light vehicles to zero emission vehicles. Within India, Niti Ayog expects 70-80 per cent electrification of this market by 2030, while the electric vehicle (EV) policies of  21 state governments have supportive provisions for these segments. Even though the overall electrification of new vehicle fleets nationally is still very small – just over five percent, - even this fleet is nearly almost dominated by these two segments.

This policy brief therefore puts a special spotlight on the electric three wheelers to understand what is working and what is not after several years of experience. One of the key reasons for this interest in three wheelers is their crucial role in meeting the needs of urban commuting, last mile connectivity as well as urban freight. Electrification of this fleet can help to decarbonise and achieve zero tailpipe emissions for a sizable commuting mass and substantial share of urban freight.



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