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Burden Sharing

The history of the politics E quity has been central to the multilateral negotiations on climate change mitigation and adaptation between the South and the North. The dispute is not with the science that establishes the need to keep global temperature rise below 2°C, measured from pre-industrial levels, as the threshold that will leash in climate change from being ‘dangerous’ to becoming ‘catastrophic’. The dispute is that once the world accepts the need to cap temperature, it is also accepting the need to cap emissions, because of which temperatures are increasing.  Read more

Who is responsible?

The question ‘who is responsible for climate change?’ lies at the heart of the politics of negotiations related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In December 1988, the UN General Assembly resolution recognised climate change as a “common concern of mankind” and noted that “the largest part of the current emission of pollutants into the environment including toxic and hazardous wastes, originates in developed countries… those countries have the main responsibility for combating such pollution”. Read more

Who is emitting?

Current global emissions As per World Resources Institute’s Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) version 7.0, USA has less than 5 per cent of the world’s population, but accounts for more than 20 per cent of the global carbon dioxide emissions in 2006. India, with almost 17 per cent of global population, accounts for less than 5 per cent of the emissions. Read more

Copenhagen to Cancun

A year of impasse No one quite expects Cancun to yield any legally-binding agreement amidst fractured geopolitical mandates and domestic constraints. At best, it can pave the way for CoP 2011 in South Africa Read more

Copenhagen Accord

Copenhagen climate talks were indeed historic. For their failure. In Bali in 2007, negotiators laid out the roadmap for a deal and gave themselves two years. The formula was simple and ethical: rich countries would cut emissions by 40 per cent below 1990 levels, by 2020, and put new money on the table. In exchange, emerging economies would join the effort, reducing emissions growth at home enabled by finance and technology from industrialized countries Read more