Lake Victoria, the source of livelihood for 45 million people, is in a state of degradation as a result of a variety of unsustainable human activities over the last few decades. Parts of the lake, especially deeper areas, are already considered dead zones that are unable to sustain life due to deficiency of oxygen in the water.
This report focuses on Mwanza city, identified as a hotspot. It highlights the degree of industrial and municipal pollution from the city in its rivers, streams and ultimately in Lake Victoria. It proposes various interventions to mitigate pollution at the source and reduce its disposal in the waterbodies. A monitoring programme to analyse the effectiveness of measures on ground is also discussed.