Indian cities are growing at an astonishing rate. By 2030, around 590 million people will live in Indian cities. The urban population in India may go beyond 50% by 2050. This urbanization will come at the cost of biodiversity as concrete structures fill up agricultural fields and forests. While most animals will be driven away by this, a few can adapt and flourish in these new settings. They are dogs, pigeons and monkeys. Why is their story important? Because they are creating a new set of urban problems.