Benefits of Organic and Natural Farming

There is a growing recognition about the need to make organic and natural farming a mass movement in the country. The Central government is publicly talking about it. It is clear that the holistic and sustainable benefits of organic and natural farming do offer an opportunity

But there is also the challenge of how to enable a scaled-up transition from chemicaldependent practices. We know that so far, only about 2 per cent of the country’s net sown area (140 million hectare, or mha) is ‘organically’ farmed, and a mere 0.41 mha in eight states is under natural farming.

This challenge of transition has several facets. Apart from mobilising farmers, training and supporting them during transition, and providing quality inputs and market access, another important part is to deal with the lack of conviction and consensus among the scientific community about the benefits of organic and natural farming – an issue which is often centred around the question of yield. This lack of conviction is also linked with the way how the evidence on benefits of organic and natural farming practices has been collated, presented and communicated so far.

In order to fill this gap, researchers at Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) have collected, analysed and consolidated the evidence generated on benefits of organic and natural farming over the last two decades across India. This evidence, compared with inorganic and integrated approaches of management, has now been presented in a comprehensive report with details on yield of different crops; cost, income and livelihood aspects; impact on soil-health and environment; and food quality. The report makes a strong case for considering holistic evidence on organic and natural farming for future policy, programmes and practice.

We invite all who are interested in the subject to a community release of CSE’s new report on February 2, 2022.

On February 3, 2022, CSE will conduct a stakeholder discussion on the subject – this event is not open to all, and invitations for it will be sent separately to stakeholders by CSE.




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Azad Singh Panwar
Programme Manager,
ICAR- Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research. Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh
Rajinder Chaudhary
Kudrati Kheti Abhiyan, Haryana
Sridhar Radhakrishnan
Steering Committee member
Alliance for Sustainable and Holistic Agriculture
G V Ramanjaneyulu
Executive Director
Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Secunderabad, Telangana
Mathew John
Founding Director
Keystone Foundation, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu
Debal Deb
Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies, Rayagada, Odisha
Binita Shah
SUPA Agricultural Research Group, Nainital, Uttarakhand
Sabyasachi Roy
Senior Manager
National Dairy Development Board, Kolkata, West Bengal
Vishalakshi Padmanabhan
Executive Director
Participatory Guarantee System Organic Council, Bengaluru, Karnataka
Sultan Ismail
Managing Director
Eco science Research Foundation, Chennai
Bharat Bhushan Tygai
Organic Farmer
Bulandshr, Uttar Pradesh
Subhash Sharma
Yavatmal, Maharashtra
Harpal Singh Grewal
Organic Farmer
Heavenly Farms, Sirsa, Haryana
Shurvir Singh
Organic farmer and trainer
Bijnoor, Uttar Pradesh
Akash Badve
Chief Executive Officer
Bhoomgaadi - Organic Farmers Collective, Dantewada, Chhattisgarh
Sameer Bordoloi
Society for Promotion of Rural Economy & Agricultural Development, North East
From CSE
Sunita Narain
Director General
Centre for Science and Environment
Amit Khurana
Sustainable Food Systems
Centre for Science and Environment
Abhay Kumar Singh
Program Manger
Sustainable Food Systems
Centre for Science and Environment
Mohammad Abdul Halim
Deputy Programme Manager Sustainable Food Systems
Centre for Science and Environment