With the increasing urban population, there is a tremendous stress on basic amenities like water and sanitation. Sustainable wastewater management calls for a system where wastewater is regarded as a resource which can be recycled and reused. Both communities and watersheds require an integrated approach which is affordable, adaptable and responsive to local needs.
Onsite wastewater treatment is a proven alternative to treat wastewater without large scale, energy intensive mechanical equipments. The aim of these systems is to manage wastewater both as a resource as well as a pollutant. These systems are designed to check pollution by enhancing the assimilative and regenerative capacities of the natural system. Recycling and reuse of domestic wastewater at local level can significantly reduce the stress on fresh water sources and improve the micro climate thereby leading to an ecologically and economically sustainable system.
Decentralised wastewater treatment systems have the following benefits:
Minimum or no requirement of energy
Low-cost and minimum operation and maintenance
Treatment of wastewater flows from 1-1000 m³ per day
Tolerant to inflow fluctuation
Wastewater is turned into a resource for irrigation or reuse of water
Fulfils discharge standards and environmental laws
No sewerage network involved
Reliable and sustainable
Easy integration to landscaper
Involves local communities in the management