For the past few years, CSE has been working in Indonesia to support implementation of new emission norms for thermal power sector. The country is aggressively adding coal-based capacity and is looking to more than double its existing coal-based capacity of 25 GW to meet its fast expanding electricity needs. Studies indicate that status quo on standards would have led to a three-fold increase in the SO2 and NOx emissions, and a doubling of PM2.5 emissions by 2030, compared to the 2011 levels. To support development of new norms, CSE provided critical inputs to the Indonesian MoEF through research carried out with the support of local partner, and policy exposure meetings. The Indonesian MoEF notified new emission norms for thermal power plants in April 2019, significantly tightening standards, especially for the upcoming plants.