Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India, largely relies on non-sewered sanitation systems. According to a 2021 CPCB report, only 31 towns (out of 734) have partial sewerage system coverage, treating only 40 per cent of the total sewage generated in the state.1 In 2022, UP initiated faecal sludge and used water management using Interception-Diversion tapping of waste water, as a strategy to address this issue.
As of January 2023, 62 Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) projects are at various stages of construction and operation in UP. Most of the treatment plants (Faecal Sludge Treatment Plants or Septage-Sewage Co-Treatment Plants), are being built under the national schemes of AMRUT and NMCG. A few are being built with the help of the city/ULB’s own funding. These 62 projects are spread across 59 ULBs/towns in 53 districts. The projects have a total investment of Rs 220 crore, out of which Rs 190 crore is being spent for building 40 FSTPs, and Rs 30 crore for building 22 co-treatment plants.2
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