Lake Victoria, despite being a source of livelihood for 45 million people, is on the verge of degradation. It has come under severe pressure from a variety of unsustainable human activities over the past five decades. This discussion paper aims to contribute to the process of cleaning Lake Victoria and making its use sustainable. It discusses the major water quality and environmental problems with Lake Victoria in order to provide general guidance on various aspects which will have to be monitored to develop a long-term management strategy for the lake.
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