Report card: Environmental governance under two years of NDA government

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), has reviewed the performance of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government at the end of its two years in office on measures of environmental governance, particularly as undertaken by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC). CSE analysis focuses on some key areas which have remained matters of discussions and debates- including green clearances, industrial pollution control and monitoring, air pollution, waste management, cleaning Ganga, proposed reforms for forest governance and climate change. Following key trends emerge in terms of action and decision-making in these areas. Download pdf

Mining in India

India is a mineral-rich country, with more than 20,000 mineral deposits. The country produces about 90 minerals, which include four fuel, 10 metallic, 50 non-metallic, three atomic and 23 minor min

Forest in India

India is the seventh largest country in the world with an area of 328.72 million hectares (mha). The forest and tree cover of the country -- as per the biennial assessment report, 2011 prepared by

Burden Sharing

The history of the politics E quity has been central to the multilateral negotiations on climate change mitigation and adaptation between the South and the North. The dispute is not with the science that establishes the need to keep global temperature rise below 2°C, measured from pre-industrial levels, as the threshold that will leash in climate change from being ‘dangerous’ to becoming ‘catastrophic’. The dispute is that once the world accepts the need to cap temperature, it is also accepting the need to cap emissions, because of which temperatures are increasing.  Read more

Who is responsible?

The question ‘who is responsible for climate change?’ lies at the heart of the politics of negotiations related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In December 1988, the UN General Assembly resolution recognised climate change as a “common concern of mankind” and noted that “the largest part of the current emission of pollutants into the environment including toxic and hazardous wastes, originates in developed countries… those countries have the main responsibility for combating such pollution”. Read more

Who is emitting?

Current global emissions As per World Resources Institute’s Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) version 7.0, USA has less than 5 per cent of the world’s population, but accounts for more than 20 per cent of the global carbon dioxide emissions in 2006. India, with almost 17 per cent of global population, accounts for less than 5 per cent of the emissions. Read more