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Media Briefing Workshops

Mining in India

India is a mineral-rich country, with more than 20,000 mineral deposits. The country produces about 90 minerals, which include four fuel, 10 metallic, 50 non-metallic, three atomic and 23 minor min


REPORTING ‘GLOCAL’ -- Local concerns, global fallouts Understanding environmental issues for better reportage

Forest in India

India is the seventh largest country in the world with an area of 328.72 million hectares (mha). The forest and tree cover of the country -- as per the biennial assessment report, 2011 prepared by

Burden Sharing

The history of the politics E quity has been central to the multilateral negotiations on climate change mitigation and adaptation between the South and the North. The dispute is not with the science that establishes the need to keep global temperature rise below 2°C, measured from pre-industrial levels, as the threshold that will leash in climate change from being ‘dangerous’ to becoming ‘catastrophic’. The dispute is that once the world accepts the need to cap temperature, it is also accepting the need to cap emissions, because of which temperatures are increasing.  Read more

Who is responsible?

The question ‘who is responsible for climate change?’ lies at the heart of the politics of negotiations related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In December 1988, the UN General Assembly resolution recognised climate change as a “common concern of mankind” and noted that “the largest part of the current emission of pollutants into the environment including toxic and hazardous wastes, originates in developed countries… those countries have the main responsibility for combating such pollution”. Read more

Who is emitting?

Current global emissions As per World Resources Institute’s Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) version 7.0, USA has less than 5 per cent of the world’s population, but accounts for more than 20 per cent of the global carbon dioxide emissions in 2006. India, with almost 17 per cent of global population, accounts for less than 5 per cent of the emissions. Read more

Fast Track Funding

In the Copenhagen Accord, one of the most talked about decisions is the “fast track” funding which, between 2010 and 2012, should transfer US $30 billion from developed countries to the developing ones for adaptation and mitigation of climate change Read more


REDD – reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation – is a heavily contested mechanism in the climate change debate. The basic concept is simple: governments, companies or forest owners in the South should be rewarded for keeping their forests intact instead of cutting them down. It, thus, is a mechanism to create an incentive for developing countries to protect, better manage and wisely use their forest resources, contributing to the global fight against climate change. REDD strategies aim to make forests more valuable standing than they would be cut down, by creating a financial value for the carbon stored in trees. Read more


The Adaptation Fund is a financial instrument established by the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It is aimed at funding concrete adaptation projects and programmes in those developing countries that are Parties to the Protocol. The fund is largely financed with 2 per cent of the certified emission reduction (CERs) issued for the projects of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Read more

Technology transfer

The UNFCCC Article 4, Paragraph 5 stresses the need for transfer of environmentally sound technologies from the developed world to developing as well as least developed countries (LDCs), to help them adopt a low-carbon growth and development path. Negotiations on the mechanisms of technology transfer began at Bali (CoP-13). It was hoped that the process would lead to a formal decision or understanding at Copenhagen (CoP-15). Read more