Date: July 13, 2019
While public attention is diverted towards Bharat Stage IV emissions norms becoming the nation-wide standard from April 1 this year, the new compliance rules for fuel consumption norms for cars is escaping public scrutiny.
This report gives a brief on various technological options that are available to meet the new environmental norms by the coal-based thermal power stations.
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) releases proposed fuel economy standards for cars -- CSE lambasts them as too little too late. The standards require car manufactures to do nothing until 2015 and only a marginal improvement thereafter.
Hell broke lose when the environment minister Jairam Ramesh called SUVs criminal for guzzling cheap subsidized diesel. He is right -- The real beneficiaries of the diesel subsidy are the owners of "BMWs, Benz and Hondas'', and not the farmers. He pitched for reforms in diesel prices; penalty on those who use subsidized diesel for luxury use in SUVs.
We discovered this by sheer chance, buried in the website of the Union Ministry of Shipping Road Transport and Highways. This is a public notice soliciting public opinion on the unfinished agenda of the emissions standards roadmap finalised way back in 2003.
Vehicles are a special problem as they emit in the breathing zone of people. A large number of studies are now available that show exposure to vehicle exhaust causes significant increase in respiratory symptoms and lung function impairment, cancer and plethora of other ailments. Indian evidences have also begun to emerge. Congestion further aggravates emissions. Low average speeds due to traffic congestion increases the emissions due to the stop-and-go pattern of traffic flow in congested condition. Leapfrog to clean vehicle technology and fuels and fuel efficient vehicles. Small gains are easily offset by the growing traffic volumes. Indian regulations instead of pushing the automobile industry to catch up with the global best standards, fall short of what the industry is capable of achieving.