In April 2009, the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) released the new guidelines for rural water supply namely the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP). These guidelines reflect a change in the philosophy and implementation strategy from the previous programme. The new guidelines gives major emphasis on ensuring sustainability of water availability in terms of potability, adequacy, convenience, affordability and equity while also adopting decentralised approach involving Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) and community organisations. Adoption of appropriate technology, revival of traditional systems, conjunctive use of surface and ground water, conservation, rainwater harvesting, and recharging of drinking water sources, etc, have been stressed upon in the new approach.
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