In April 2018, the World Bank's South Asia Economic Focus (SAEF) report highlighted the jobless growth in India and underlined the need to create 8.1 million jobs a year to maintain the employment rate. The World Bank data highlighted the continuously decreasing employment-to-population ratio since 2005Ðfrom 55 to 46.5 per cent in 2020. Covid-19 has exposed the cracks in the present job structure and employment system as well as a glaring migrant issue in the country. As per the SAEF, fall 2020 report, unemployment will be further exacerbated as India's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is expected to contract by 9.6 per cent in the fiscal year 2020Ð21. The compounding issues raise the importance of creating non-farm jobs in rural areas, given that 65 per cent of India's population lives in villages.
|New Delhi, November 20, 2020
World Antimicrobial Awareness Week
| Sunita Narain