Online course on preparation of the Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) - 2019

Starting form: June 03, 2019

Course duration: Four weeks

Course load: 8 hours per week

Last date to apply:  May 30, 2019

Course Fee: 
Indian participants: Rs. 3,500/-
Overseas participants: USD 100

Scholarships available !!!

Applications are now closed

Recently conducted 'SFD Week - Designing and Implementing Sustainable Sanitation for All'. A three-day conclave on sanitation, imparting knowledge on the importance of mapping faecal sludge, how SFDs done so far, have resulted in achieving advocacy and to learn from experiences and help cities move beyond open defecation free (ODF) for citywide sanitation. The conclave was supported by International Water Association (IWA), Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) and National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management Alliance (NFSSM). 

The fate of excreta produced by urban populations across the globe is often poorly understood. Particularly in low-and middle-income countries with rapidly expanding cities, excreta management represents a growing challenge; generating significant negative public health and environmental risks. 

Solving the sanitation crisis is, therefore, a challenge and opportunity in need of cross-sectoral communication, and facilitating such communication requires a new language and new communication tools.

One of the tools used to inform stakeholders from a range of backgrounds on citywide sanitation conditions is known colloquially as the Shit Flow Diagram (SFD), which often form a crucial basis for discussion among a wide range of urban agencies on future steps towards better urban sanitation for all. 

SFDs are a new and innovative way to engage sanitation experts, political leaders and civil society in coordinated discussions about excreta management in their city. It is a visualization tool that summarizes complex information into an easy-to-understand graphic, as it simply shows how excreta is or is not contained along the sanitation chain. It is a widely recognized advocacy and decision support tool, which has the potential to shift the focus of attention, money and activities towards effective and inclusive urban sanitation and more efficient investments, thereby, improving the situation of all urban residents and environment.To know more about SFDs, visit

The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) aims to fulfill the objective of 100% open defecation free status in all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in the country by 2 October 2019. With numerous toilets constructed, it gets highly significant to manage waste generated from these toilets. SFDs as a situation analysis tool, is helpful to identify priority intervention areas in cities and towns to handle such waste and to achieve citywide sanitation for all. 

Target audience

This training is intended for anyone who wishes to prepare an SFD report for a town or a city. Whether you are working for a local, regional or national government, an NGO, a University, or if you are just interested in learning more about SFDs, this training is for you. We will guide you through the process, to introduce you to the definitions, tools and methods, using worked examples. 


  • One year free subscription to Down To Earth magazine after enrollment
  • Top 10 students will get 50% refund of fee
  • The authors of best five reviewed reports will get full fellowship to attend international conclave on sanitation at AAETI

Course structure


Topics Learning objectives
Week 1 Modules 1: Introduction to SFD
  • Introduction to SFD
  • Application of SFD
  • To understand what is SFD and its potential
  • To get acquainted with the applications of SFD worldwide

Week 2

Module 2: Understanding SFD
2.1 How to read SFD
2.2 SFD Manual - glossary
2.3 SFD report

  • To learn how to read and comprehend the SFD graphic and report
  • To get acquainted with terms and variable used
  • To get familiar with different levels of SFD
  • To understand the reporting template of different levels of SFD reports

Week 3

Module 3: Data collection and analyses
3.1 Identifying data required for SFD preparation
3.2 Methodology for data collection
3.3 Learnings from field – CSE experience
3.4 How to analyze data

  • To understand the data requirement and mapping of possible sources
  • To get acquainted with the methodology of data collection
  • To learn how to collect, sort and analyze the data

Week 4

Module 4: Make your own SFD
4.1 Introduction to the graphic generator
4.2 Step by step guide to use the graphic generator

  • To understand how to use the graphic generator for preparation of SFD

Enrolment process

Step 1: The first step to join the course is to register by submitting the APPLICATION FORM

Step 2: We will inform all candidates of the outcome of their applications and scholarships via email.  

Step 3: Online transaction by participants for payment of course fee.

Step 4: We will send your login details to access the moodle platform

To see last year's course feedback click here


Every week, 2-4 minutes video was sent along with course material. That helps me to get idea about over all content of the particular week. Also that video helps to get continuity from week 1 to week 2 etc.

Senior Assistant Professor Iii
Kalasalingam Academy Of Research And Education
A Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) is a wonderful concept. It simply gives a clear idea to the decision makers. It helps to identify key intervention areas which results in taking effective and correct decisions on where efforts to be made.

Durga Shanker Mishra
Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Urban Uffairs Government of India
I was impressed with the video, especially the way they were structured and content. They were very informative.

Hezron Magambo
Urban Sanitation Engineer
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, Tanzania
The videos and the ppts were very well developed and explanatory

Program Officer
IRC, The Netherlands
The study materials, videos and instructions to approach the assignment or to prepare for the Quiz were quite fruitful. The data was easy to understand and the language of the study material was easy to grasp. The examples given in course material gives clear understanding of the matter.

Rahul Kumar
Management Trainee
Quality Council of India, New Delhi




Suresh Kumar Rohilla

Suresh Kumar Rohilla
Academic Director

Bhitush Luthra

Bhitush Luthra
Program Manager


Anil Yadav
Senior Research Associate

Managing Septage in
Cities of Uttar Pradesh
Assessment of
Excreta Management
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