Agra, the former capital of India is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It lies in Indo-Gangetic plain, 363 km west of state capital, Lucknow and 200 kilometres south from national capital, Delhi (MoUD, 2013). Agra is a major tourist destination because of its impressive Mughalera monuments, specially the Taj Mahal.
The population of city as per the Census 2011 is 1,574,542. The density of city is 11,167 persons per sq.km which is very high when compared to state average of 819 persons per sq.km. Total slum population is 533,554 which is 33% of the total population (Census of India, 2011). The floating population is reported as 0.3 million (AJS, 2015).
The temperature varies from 47° C during peak summer to 3°C during the winter season. Municipal boundary has been chosen for the current study. It comprises of an area of 141 sq.km (MoUD, 2013).