Gwalior is a historical city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is also the district headquarters. It is surrounded by industrial and commercial zones of neighbouring districts. It is one of the largest cities of Central India and is often referred to as the tourist capital of Madhya Pradesh (UD&ED, 2010).
The population of city as per the 2011 Census is 1,053,505. The density of city is 6,292 persons per sq.km which is very high when compared to state average of 319 persons per sq.km. Total slum population is 52,429 which is 17% of the total population (Census of India, 2011).
Municipal boundary has been chosen for the current study. It comprises of an area of 46.61 sq.km (GMC, 2015).