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Green Rural Development

Qanats, Surangams

Qanats and surangams are examples of water accessing systems which have similar technologies. Qanat technology originated in Iran and was used extensively in the dry, arid desert regions of the Middle East and surangam technologyis used in the hilly terrains of the Western Ghats. Both systems essentially consist of underground tunnels that source the aquifer and use gravity to convey the water to groundlevel.

UP stands up for groundwater

In what could set a precedent for groundwater regulation across India, the Uttar Pradesh (UP) Ground Water Conservation (Protection & Development) Bill, 2010, recently unveiled a draft of the government’s plan to putting a price for water. The UP draft groundwater regulation bill, is the first to address big users of water – the bulk users from commercial and industrial enterprises.

Social Centre for Rural Initiative and Advancement (SCRIA)

SCRIA has been working in semi-arid and arid areas of Rajasthan and Haryana since 1979. They are involved in organising rural communities, especially women, and promote integrated development. They have aided communities in reviving and creating water harvesting structures (watersheds, traditional tanks, rooftop rainwater harvesting, natural resource management) for drinking and irrigational purposes.  Micro-finance is also provided to promote self-governance and livelihoods development.

Standards for harvested rainwater

Based on WHO drinking water quality standards and field studies conducted in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, and Nepal, the Rain Water Harvesting Implementation Network (RAIN) has established the following standards: To achieve these standards, RAIN has recommended the following techniques: 1. Sampling and collection: 

When Krishaks become Bhagiraths

The Government of India conferred the National Water Conservation Award on Umakant Umarao, Director of the Rajiv Gandhi Mission for Watershed Management in March 2011 for his outstanding efforts towards water conservation. During his stint as the District Collector of Dewas, Umarao interacted with farmers to understand their problems and realised the importance of harvesting rainwater from some of the pioneering farmers.

Water Statistics

What changes does drip irrigation bring to farming? Study: In a 2010 study, “Impact of Drip Irrigation on Farming System: Evidence from Southern India” by Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, researches examined the before-and-after effects of 50 farms growing bananas that switched from sprinkler irrigation to drip irrigation between 2007 and 2008 in the Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu. The results are as follows: