India has been going through an epidemiological transition i.e.the proportion of disease burden attributable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing. A 2016 analysis by the India State-level Disease Burden Initiative found that NCDs accounted for 61.8 per cent of deaths compared to communicable, maternal, neonatal diseases, and undernutrition, which together accounted for 27.5 per cent of deaths. National Capital Territory of Delhi is amongst the few states with the highest-middle epidemiological transition. In 2012, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) had tested 23 samples of junk food across seven different categories such as chips, snacks, instant noodles, burger, pizza, fries, fried chicken, and carbonated beverage for salt, carbohydrate, fat and trans fat. The samples were collected from various outlets in Delhi. The tests were done using methods listed by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), which are accepted internationally and by the apex food regulator of the country – the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). This study found high levels of sugar, salt and fat in junk foods tested which could be unhealthy to the consumers and it also highlighted misleading labelling on certain food products.
Junk foods are not adequately regulated in India. Nutritional analysis of popular junk foods is important to improve consumer awareness and help policy makers develop suitable interventions for regulating such foods.