Srikakulam is a coastal city located in the state of Andhra Pradesh (AP). It is the district headquarters and is an important administrative and commercial centre. It is one of the oldest municipalities of the state, established in 1856. It is located adjacent to the National Highway number 5 connecting Chennai and Kolkata. River Nagavali flows through the city. (MA&UD, 2011).
The population of city as per the 2011 Census is 133,911 persons. The density of city is 6,419 persons per sq.km which is very high when compared to state average of 308 persons per sq.km. Total slum population is 49,405 persons which constitutes 37% of the total population (MA&UD, 2011).
Municipal boundary has been chosen for the current study. It comprises of an area of 20.9 sq.km (MA&UD, 2011).