Bijnor city is located 12 km west to the bank of River Ganga and 460 km from Lucknow, the state capital of Uttar Pradesh. Bijnor is the district headquarter of Bijnor district. As per Census 2011, Bijnor has a population of 93,297 residing in 17,715 households. The urban local body governing the town is Bijnor Nagar Palika Parishad (BNPP) or (Bijnor Municipal Council). BNPP has an administrative area of 3.6 sq.km which is divided into 25 wards (BNPP, 2015).
The density of the city is 25,915 people per sq.km which is very high in comparison to state density of 828 people per sq.km. (Census, 2011). The geographical coordinates of Bijnor are 290 9’ 0” North and 780 16’ 0” East. The topography of Bijnor district is majorly plain. It is elevated 225 metres above sea level (BNPP, 2015). The average rainfall is 999.4 mm. Temperature rises to 46°C and drops to 6°C. The soil type is clayey and sandy with occasional gravel and boulder (UPJN, 2006).